The retaining wall is the structure build to hold soil or landscape, resulting in prevention from sliding or eroding of land. The retaining walls play a critical role in maintaining the landscape or keeping the land intact. There are many types of retaining walls Brisbane depending upon their application and utility. The retaining walls have help man to build stoppage against gigantic mountains or oceans.
We will discuss a few of the common retaining walls in this article
Gravity Retaining wall
The prime feature of gravity retaining wall is their weight. These walls can be made from concrete, stone or brick. These types of walls have origin from ancient human civilization. In the past, heavy stones were used to build these walls and with the advancement in construction technology, now these can be built by concrete or brick. But still, the fundamentals for building gravity retaining wall remain somehow the same as they were in the past. Thick stones or precast concrete fence panels are used to build these walls and geometry of these blocks helps to maintain the stability of the wall.
Concrete Cantilever Retaining walls
This type of wall is connected and stands on the foundation at the bottom of the wall. The foundation is usually a concrete slab that is fixed in the soil and then the concrete modular wall is attached to this slab. This base provides more stability to the wall and the durability of the wall increases also.
Sheet Piling Walls
These walls are usually applied against water or soft soil. In its construction, a series of interlocking piles build the structure which can retain the groundwater. In some scenarios, these piles are anchored with the help of cables to provide extra strength and support. Especially when the size of piles is large then anchoring support will be mandatory.
Anchored Retaining Walls
These walls have their applications where the landscape is huge. Like when roads are constructed in the mountains then we have witnessed these walls holding up the land. These walls are primarily made of concrete block or large stone and these stones are anchored tied by cable. These cables provide strength in retaining the wall structure and landscape. It also helps to minimize the movement of the blocks in case of mild earthquakes. Anchoring is like adding one more layer of protection as if the structure integrity get destroyed due to natural disaster even than anchoring cables can reduce the damage or disintegration of the structure.
These are some primary types of retaining walls which we can observe in our surroundings. Retaining walls are the building stone of human civilizations. They have been in construction in all human ages. These walls help people to design the landscape as per their needs and also provide protection against natural catastrophes. This wall works as our fortress against natural disaster and they also help us to shape our lands.